Our future depends on our young people’s ability to face novelty and complexity, and to work together to create a better world for themselves and the next generation they leave behind. They will face challenges in jobs we have yet to envision and work alongside more intelligent machines than Orwell could have imagined.
Today, the National Science Board (NSB, Board) released its policy companion statement to Science and Engineering Indicators 2018, “Our nation’s future competitiveness relies on building a STEM-capable U.S. workforce.” The statement underscores the Board’s view that growing the nation’s science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce is critical for our economy and global competitiveness.
Employers in every sector have emphasized the need for a well-rounded, highly skilled workforce. Recent survey data indicates that over 90% of business leaders think American workers are not as skilled as they need to be. According to the Business Roundtable, CEOs around the country have noticed a particular gap in “employability skills” such as effective communication, critical thinking,teamwork, and problem-solving.
History, logic, and economic analysis all strongly point to the conclusion that the next technology wave, powered by artificial intelligence and robotics, will not lead to above average unemployment levels and that we will not run out of work. What it could do however, is significantly improve labor productivity growth rates, making society better off and boost per-capita incomes for virtually all Americans.
Republican Senators Orrin Hatch and Jeff Flake introduced legislation on Thursday that aims to increase the annual quota of H-1B visas from 65,000 to 85,000. The H-1B is a common work visa granted to high-skilled foreigners to work at companies in the U.S. It's valid for three years, and can be renewed for another three years.
Calling it an "old strategy," 100Kin10 is also watching as lawmakers increasingly turn to legislation to streamline emergency credentialing of teachers to address crisis-level teacher shortages. In Virginia, for example, the governor turned to executive directive to allow state colleges and universities, which have previously only offered graduate level teaching degrees, to offer undergraduate majors in teaching too.
Those conclusions, from a study released Monday at the World Economic Forum, show about 57 percent of the 1.4 million U.S. jobs to be disrupted by technology between now and 2026 are held by women. With proper retraining, most of the workers would find new, higher-paying jobs. Without it, very few have opportunities, but women fare the worst, according to the study, conducted in collaboration with the Boston Consulting Group. Making the transition will be expensive and difficult, the authors said.
Over the next decade, an estimated 2 million manufacturing jobs in the U.S. will go unfilled. A 2014 study by Deloitte reports that the manufacturing skills gap will drive this deficit. According to the same study, about 70 percent of manufacturing CEOs say their workforce currently lacks technology, computer, basic technical and problem solving skills, while 78 percent said these shortcomings will hamper technological growth in U.S.
Apple (AAPL) said it will build a second corporate campus and hire 20,000 workers in a $350 billion, five-year commitment to the U.S. economy. Apple, the world's biggest company by market capitalization, said Wednesday it will contribute $75 billion of that amount through investments in American manufacturing, planned capital expenditures and what it called a "record" tax payment after it repatriates overseas profits.
College students pursuing degrees in science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) are confident about their job prospects. In fact, in a recent survey, they expressed more confidence than their peers who are pursuing degrees in the liberal arts, business or public service.