To fill the massive demand for cybersecurity talent, secondary and higher education should focus their attention on developing cybersecurity courses that are rooted in IT operations and applications. With 300,000 open cybersecurity positions in the United States and 4 million open cybersecurity positions globally, many technology experts are calling for a forward-thinking approach to the country’s workforce challenges.
Relatively few of the benefits of economic growth in the last decade have gone to less-educated workers. The median inflation-adjusted salary for a worker with a high-school degree who has not attended college increased by less than 1 percent from 2008 to 2017 (inching from $37,596 to $37,960). Moreover, non-college-degree workers earn just 56 percent as much as the median worker with at least a bachelor’s degree.
In a new study, sociologist Natasha Quadlin of The Ohio State University found that "the logics of major choice" may lead women to select different majors from men, despite having similar preferences. "Even when women place great emphasis on earnings, other preferences may ultimately win out for them," said Quadlin, assistant professor of sociology at Ohio State.
For students deciding between computer science and computer engineering, the former might result in a higher salary a year after college. New comprehensive data from the U.S. Education Department show the median salary for computer science majors at Northwestern was about $8,000 more than computer engineering majors.
Content knowledge skills are relatively easy to learn, standardize and assess. That means they’re also easy to automate. As AI and education expert Stuart Elliott has pointed out, computer literacy capabilities surpassed 30% of workers in developed countries in 2016. By 2026, this number will be 60%. As for numeracy skills, including math and data analysis, computers will outperform nearly 100% of workers.
Let’s start with the labor side. Currently, the supply of available labor is extremely limited. Indeed, the unemployment rate is the lowest it has been in 66 years. That is really saying something. But with so few people out of work, it keeps getting harder for firms to find suitable employees. Job gains, while still decent, have been trending downward, in no small part because the number of job openings exceeds the number of people unemployed: The workers are just not there.
Artificial intelligence (AI) has generated increasing interest in “future of work” discussions in recent years as the technology has achieved superhuman performance in a range of valuable tasks, ranging from manufacturing to radiology to legal contracts. With that said, though, it has been difficult to get a specific read on AI’s implications on the labor market.
Demand for cyber expertise is skyrocketing across the U.S. as more organizations start prioritizing their digital security, but today there are only enough cybersecurity pros to fill about 60 percent of those jobs, according to a recent survey. And if you look beyond the U.S., the talent gap is even more stark.
New research suggests that the gender gap in so-called STEM careers -- science, technology, engineering and mathematics -- may be more due to nurture than to nature.
There’s a dissonance between available jobs and relevant degrees. CompTIA projects that 1.4 million new tech jobs will be created by 2020, many of them requiring people with specialized skills. However, only about 28,000 computer science majors are graduating every year, based on recent figures from Deloitte. Of those graduating with a STEM-related degree, only about 8% are earning a computer science degree.