More than 52 percent of people on the planet still don't have Internet access. Men outnumber women as Web users in every region of the world. And there remain massive disparities in connection speeds in different countries. These are just some of the major findings outlined in a new United Nations report about the state of the world's Internet connections.
Since 1998, an arm of the U.S. Commerce Department called the National Telecommunications Information Administration (NTIA) has handled domain names. However, in September, the Obama administration plans to allow the U.S. government's contract to lapse so the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) will be run by a global board of directors with the domain-naming responsibility.
The Internet of Things (IoT) -- a term used to describe the set of physical objects embedded with sensors or actuators and connected to a network -- offers numerous opportunities for the federal government to cut costs and improve citizen services. Moreover, because the Internet of Things generates positive network externalities, widespread adoption by the government will spur commercial adoption.
When complete, Aquila will be able to circle a region up to 60 miles in diameter, beaming internet connectivity down from an altitude of more than 60,000 feet to people within a 60-mile communications diameter for up to 90 days at a time. It will be part of a future fleet of drones.
The purpose of this NMC Horizon Project Strategic Brief is to assist the K-12 community and policymakers in advocating for high-quality, high-capacity, and affordable broadband connections to every classroom in the United States. It reflects the results of a May 2015 convening of national educational technology experts on the issue of high-speed networking in K-12 education.