Research & development

Engineering discovery brings invisibility closer to reality

Since the turn of this century, scientists have studied metamaterials, artificial materials engineered to bend electromagnetic, acoustic and other types of waves in ways not possible in nature. Now, Hao Xin, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Arizona, has made a discovery with these synthetic materials that may take engineers one step closer to building microscopes with superlenses that see molecular-level details, or shields that conceal military airplanes and even people.

Committee Examines R&D to Support Deployment of Commercial Drones

The Committee on Science, Space, and Technology today held a hearing to review research and development (R&D) performed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and NASA that could facilitate commercial Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), commonly called drones, to be integrated into the National Airspace System.

Researchers Create Hydrophobic Metal

The possibilities are many, Guo says. Kitchenware, of course. Airplanes: No more worrying about de-icing, because water won't be able to freeze on aircraft in the first place. And sanitation in poor countries, an idea close to the heart of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which helped fund the project. Thanks to the surface's repellent properties, it's essentially self-cleaning.

NASA Funding for Your Basic Cell Research Could Be Orbiting Overhead

NASA’s Space Biology program solicits research proposals at least once a year. In the most recent cycle in 2014, 26 proposals were selected by peer-review with a total value of $12,612,260, with a remarkable 28% payline. The next call for proposals will likely be in late spring or early fall of 2015.

Princeton Researchers Aim To Push Toward Fusion Energy

"Fusion is an expensive science, because you're trying to build a sun in a bottle," Williams said. This endeavor in the New Jersey woods, known as the National Spherical Torus Experiment, was created to study the physics of plasma, in the hopes that one day humans will be able to harness a new source of energy based on the reactions that power stars.

2015 State of the Union - Research & Development

R&D mentions from Obama's SOTU address on January 20th, 2015.

"21st century businesses will rely on American science, technology, research and development. I want the country that eliminated polio and mapped the human genome to lead a new era of medicine -- one that delivers the right treatment at the right time. In some patients with cystic fibrosis, this approach has reversed a disease once thought unstoppable. Tonight, I'm launching a new Precision Medicine Initiative to bring us closer to curing diseases like cancer and diabetes -- and to give all of us access to the personalized information we need to keep ourselves and our families healthier."

"I want Americans to win the race for the kinds of discoveries that unleash new jobs -- converting sunlight into liquid fuel; creating revolutionary prosthetics, so that a veteran who gave his arms for his country can play catch with his kid; pushing out into the Solar System not just to visit, but to stay. Last month, we launched a new spacecraft as part of a re-energized space program that will send American astronauts to Mars. In two months, to prepare us for those missions, Scott Kelly will begin a year-long stay in space. Good luck, Captain -- and make sure to Instagram it."

"Now, the truth is, when it comes to issues like infrastructure and basic research, I know there's bipartisan support in this chamber. Members of both parties have told me so. Where we too often run onto the rocks is how to pay for these investments. As Americans, we don't mind paying our fair share of taxes, as long as everybody else does, too. But for far too long, lobbyists have rigged the tax code with loopholes that let some corporations pay nothing while others pay full freight. They've riddled it with giveaways the superrich don't need, denying a break to middle class families who do."

 

Boost R&D by easing repatriation rules

A compromise that lets companies repatriate funds at a low tax rate, provided they spent at least half of these funds on research and development, would accomplish the mutual goals of freeing up foreign earnings and boosting research, while not contributing to the federal debt-to-GDP ratio.

Programmable 3D-printed tissues and organs using DNA smart glue

University of Texas at Austin researchers  have created “smart glue” based on DNA that could one day be used to 3D-print tissues to repair injuries or even create organs. They coated plastic (polystyrene or polyacrylamide) microparticles with 40 base pairs of DNA, forming gel-like materials that they could extrude from a 3D printer* to form solid shapes (up to centimeters in size).

Texas A&M Spending Big To Recruit Top Researchers

John Sharp, chancellor of The Texas A&M University System, today announced the expansion of the Chancellor’s Research Initiative across all System schools. Since 2013 the Chancellor’s Research Initiative (CRI), has provided one-time funds to Texas A&M University and Prairie View A&M University for the recruitment and hiring of faculty members who will have a transformational impact upon the academic and research missions of the schools.

US has been cutting medical research funding since 2004

The US’s investment in medical research between 2004 and 2012 declined significantly. The same can’t be said for the rest of the world, as global investment in biomedical research actually increased during that same period, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Fareed Zakaria speaks out for science

When the physicist and statesman of science Neal Lane advocates federal investment in scientific research, the journalist and commentator Fareed Zakaria pays attention. But then, Zakaria has a long record of vocal, sometimes almost impassioned, support for federal science funding.

Sometimes Cutting R&D Spending Can Yield More Innovation

This may sound as though we’ve got our facts backward, but your company can significantly increase its knowledge output by cutting R&D spending. It’s all a matter of when you cut your spending, and why.

U.S. Sources Funded More Than 80% of Worldwide Industrial R&D in 2011

U.S. companies performed over $294 billion in research and development (R&D) in 2011, according to the Business R&D and Innovation Survey (BRDIS) – a business survey conducted annually by the U.S. Census Bureau and the National Science Foundation. Companies funded an overwhelming majority of the industrial R&D conducted in the U.S. (81.2 percent, approximately $238.8 billion).

Decline in grants for young researchers puts future of science at risk, Johns Hopkins president writes

America's youngest scientists, increasingly losing research dollars, are leaving the academic biomedical workforce, a brain drain that poses grave risks for the future of science, according to an article published this week by Johns Hopkins University President Ronald J. Daniels.

U.S.-Mexico Bilateral Forum on Higher Education, Innovation, and Research: Connecting Tomorrow's Leaders Today

A number of U.S. university presidents visited Mexico in 2014, including from the Universities of California, Harvard, Rice, MIT, New Mexico, and Arizona State. Their visits, and those of the Governors of California and New Jersey as well as the Mayors of Los Angeles and Albuquerque, have resulted in more than 23 new educational agreements between our countries.

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